Lund University / P. Salmón

Simply growing up in cities can have a detrimental effect, say researchers.

Urban spaces can be a boon to wildlife. Thanks to the heat-island effect, they’re often warmer than the woods. And human garbage makes for easy eatin’, as anybody who’s seen a pigeon plumped into a feathery balloon from stale hot-dog buns knows.

But there’s also evidence cities harm animals—artificial lights can addle entire ecosystems, for example, and glass architecture kills millions of migrating birds each year. Now researchers in Sweden are spreading the dismal word that by simply being born in cities, certain kinds of birds are doomed to a heightened risk of premature death.

Pablo Salmón at Lund University and others wanted to see if Parus Major, aka the great tit, fared any differently whether it grew up in a city or rural environment. So they took bird siblings and had one group reared in the countryside and the other in Malmö, then tested their blood about two weeks later for changes to the animals’ telomeres.

A telomere is a string of DNA dangling from the end of a chromosome that’s a “suggested biomarker of longevity,” write the researchers. Blood sampling revealed the urban birds had shorter telomeres compared to their rural kin. Here’s more from a university press release:

According to the researchers, the induced stress that the urban great tits are experiencing is what results in shorter telomeres and thereby increases their risk of dying young….

“Although there are advantages to living in cities, such as the access to food, they seem to be outweighed by the disadvantages, such as stress—at least in terms of how quickly the cells of the great tits age,” says biologist Pablo Salmón who conducts research in the field of evolutionary ecology at the Faculty of Science, Lund University.

The scientists say they were “surprised” to find this ostensibly irreversible change had occurred in such a short time. The next step might be to test other creatures for telomere abnormalities, Salmón adds, as these “results also raise questions concerning the aging of other animals affected by urbanization, and humans for that matter.”

About the Author

Most Popular

  1. photo: Minnesota Congresswoman Ilhan Omar
    Equity

    What a Trillion-Dollar Housing Pledge Looks Like

    Representative Ilhan Omar’s Homes for All Act would fund the construction of 12 million new homes in the U.S. over 10 years, mostly as public housing.  

  2. photo: An array of solar panels in Oakland, California.
    Environment

    When Residents Support Solar—Just ‘Not in My Backyard’

    While the American public broadly favors expanding renewable energy, that support doesn’t always extend to the photovoltaic panels next door.

  3. Life

    Talent May Be Shifting Away From Superstar Cities

    According to a new analysis, places away from the coasts in the Sunbelt and West are pulling ahead when it comes to attracting talented workers.

  4. photo: A Starship Technologies commercial delivery robot navigates a sidewalk.
    POV

    My Fight With a Sidewalk Robot

    A life-threatening encounter with AI technology convinced me that the needs of people with disabilities need to be engineered into our autonomous future.

  5. photo: a digital advertising billboard on a car roof
    Transportation

    Car-Mounted Ads Take a New Direction: Data Collection

    A startup called Firefly puts sensor-equipped advertising screens on top of Uber and Lyft vehicles. Now they do more than marketing: They collect data.

×