Richard Florida is a co-founder and editor at large of CityLab and a senior editor at The Atlantic. He is a university professor in the University of Toronto’s School of Cities and Rotman School of Management, and a distinguished fellow at New York University’s Schack Institute of Real Estate and visiting fellow at Florida International University.
How America's biggest metro areas stack up.
Yesterday, I wrote about the geography of tolerance, providing a map and top 20 ranking for U.S. metros on three variables that help us measure tolerance—the share of immigrants or foreign-born residents, the Gay Index (the concentration of gays and lesbians), and the Integration Index, which tracks the level of segregation between ethnic and racial groups.
My ranking included large metros as well as smaller ones like Ithaca and Ann Arbor. I noted that:
Many of these smaller metros are college towns that are home to large concentrations of professional, technical and knowledge workers from diverse backgrounds, which lead to higher levels of ethnic and racial integration than larger metros, where economic differences are often greater.
Some commenters wondered about rankings just among America's largest metros. The list below shows the top 20 U.S. metros with populations of one million people or more.
Top 20 Large Metros (over one million people) on the Tolerance Index:
|Tolerance Rank||Metro||Tolerance Score||Tolerance Rank (Overall)||Gay/Lesbian Rank||Foreign Born Rank||Integration Index Rank|
|1||San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA||.75||1||20||16||1|
|2||Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL||.69||11||74||1||161|
|3||Las Vegas-Paradise, NV||.69||15||83||23||1|
|5||San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA||.68||17||1||6||317|
|9||Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA||.66||24||70||3||234|
|12||Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA||.64||32||36||20||306|
|13||Austin-Round Rock, TX||.64||34||17||50||295|
|14||Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT||.63||37||91||65||135|
|16||Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA||.62||42||30||57||298|
|17||Dallas -Fort Worth-Arlington, TX||.61||47||80||35||260|
|20||Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI||.59||53||53||90||233|
Six large metros made the original top 20 I posted yesterday: San Diego, Miami, Las Vegas, Portland, San Francisco, and Boston. In addition to these, Seattle, Phoenix, L.A., and Orlando round out the top 10 large metros on the Tolerance Index. Washington, D.C., is 11th and Minneapolis-St.Paul, which as a commenter noted has large Mexican, Hmong, Somali, and Native American populations as well as being gay-friendly, is 20th. New York is 22nd, Chicago 25th among large metros.
Photo credit: Mike Blake/Reuters