Reuters

How America's biggest metro areas stack up.

Yesterday, I wrote about the geography of tolerance, providing a map and top 20 ranking for U.S. metros on three variables that help us measure tolerance—the share of immigrants or foreign-born residents, the Gay Index (the concentration of gays and lesbians), and the Integration Index, which tracks the level of segregation between ethnic and racial groups.

My ranking included large metros as well as smaller ones like Ithaca and Ann Arbor. I noted that:

Many of these smaller metros are college towns that are home to large concentrations of professional, technical and knowledge workers from diverse backgrounds, which lead to higher levels of ethnic and racial integration than larger metros, where economic differences are often greater.

Some commenters wondered about rankings just among America's largest metros. The list below shows the top 20 U.S. metros with populations of one million people or more.

Top 20 Large Metros (over one million people) on the Tolerance Index:

Tolerance Rank Metro Tolerance Score Tolerance Rank (Overall) Gay/Lesbian Rank Foreign Born Rank Integration Index Rank
1 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA .75 1 20 16 1
2 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL .69 11 74 1 161
3 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV .69 15 83 23 1
4 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA .68 16 7 63 189
5 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA .68 17 1 6 317
6 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH .68 20 13 44 227
7 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA .67 22 12 46 238
8 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ .67 23 60 42 160
9 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA .66 24 70 3 234
10 Orlando, FL .66 27 40 45 216
11 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV .65 30 35 28 283
12 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA .64 32 36 20 306
13 Austin-Round Rock, TX .64 34 17 50 295
14 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT .63 37 91 65 135
15 Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA .63 38 26 41 314
16 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA .62 42 30 57 298
17 Dallas -Fort Worth-Arlington, TX .61 47 80 35 260
18 Denver-Aurora, CO .61 48 24 59 328
19 Rochester, NY .60 50 44 138 140
20 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI .59 53 53 90 233


Six large metros made the original top 20 I posted yesterday: San Diego, Miami, Las Vegas, Portland, San Francisco, and Boston. In addition to these, Seattle, Phoenix, L.A., and Orlando round out the top 10 large metros on the Tolerance Index. Washington, D.C., is 11th and Minneapolis-St.Paul, which as a commenter noted has large Mexican, Hmong, Somali, and Native American populations as well as being gay-friendly, is 20th. New York is 22nd, Chicago 25th among large metros.

Photo credit: Mike Blake/Reuters

About the Author

Most Popular

  1. Equity

    The Bleeding of Chicago

    America’s third-largest city has built one of the world’s best trauma care systems. But that success might be obscuring the true scale of its gun violence.

  2. Equity

    When America's Basic Housing Unit Was a Bed, Not a House

    The same cities that struggle to provide affordable housing today eliminated their critical-but-maligned flexible housing stock after World War II.

  3. Life

    How Australia Conquered Guns, and Why America Can't

    Gun control advocates point to Australia for inspiration in ending gun violence. The Australian Ambassador to the United States, Joe Hockey, thinks they should stop.

  4. Equity

    The Wakanda Reader

    Everything you wanted to know about Wakanda and urbanism, but were afraid to ask.

  5. Equity

    What's the Matter With San Francisco?

    The city’s devastating affordability crisis has an unlikely villain—its famed progressive politics.