Reuters

How America's biggest metro areas stack up.

Yesterday, I wrote about the geography of tolerance, providing a map and top 20 ranking for U.S. metros on three variables that help us measure tolerance—the share of immigrants or foreign-born residents, the Gay Index (the concentration of gays and lesbians), and the Integration Index, which tracks the level of segregation between ethnic and racial groups.

My ranking included large metros as well as smaller ones like Ithaca and Ann Arbor. I noted that:

Many of these smaller metros are college towns that are home to large concentrations of professional, technical and knowledge workers from diverse backgrounds, which lead to higher levels of ethnic and racial integration than larger metros, where economic differences are often greater.

Some commenters wondered about rankings just among America's largest metros. The list below shows the top 20 U.S. metros with populations of one million people or more.

Top 20 Large Metros (over one million people) on the Tolerance Index:

Tolerance Rank Metro Tolerance Score Tolerance Rank (Overall) Gay/Lesbian Rank Foreign Born Rank Integration Index Rank
1 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA .75 1 20 16 1
2 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL .69 11 74 1 161
3 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV .69 15 83 23 1
4 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA .68 16 7 63 189
5 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA .68 17 1 6 317
6 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH .68 20 13 44 227
7 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA .67 22 12 46 238
8 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ .67 23 60 42 160
9 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA .66 24 70 3 234
10 Orlando, FL .66 27 40 45 216
11 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV .65 30 35 28 283
12 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA .64 32 36 20 306
13 Austin-Round Rock, TX .64 34 17 50 295
14 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT .63 37 91 65 135
15 Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA .63 38 26 41 314
16 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA .62 42 30 57 298
17 Dallas -Fort Worth-Arlington, TX .61 47 80 35 260
18 Denver-Aurora, CO .61 48 24 59 328
19 Rochester, NY .60 50 44 138 140
20 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI .59 53 53 90 233


Six large metros made the original top 20 I posted yesterday: San Diego, Miami, Las Vegas, Portland, San Francisco, and Boston. In addition to these, Seattle, Phoenix, L.A., and Orlando round out the top 10 large metros on the Tolerance Index. Washington, D.C., is 11th and Minneapolis-St.Paul, which as a commenter noted has large Mexican, Hmong, Somali, and Native American populations as well as being gay-friendly, is 20th. New York is 22nd, Chicago 25th among large metros.

Photo credit: Mike Blake/Reuters

About the Author

Most Popular

  1. a photo of a WeWork office building
    Life

    What WeWork’s Demise Could Do to NYC Real Estate

    The troubled coworking company is the largest office tenant in New York City. What happens to the city’s commercial real estate market if it goes under?

  2. Design

    Charles Jencks and the Architecture of Compassion

    The celebrated architectural theorist, who died this week, left a down-to-earth legacy: thoughtfully designed buildings and landscapes for people with cancer.

  3. A man wearing a suit and tie holds an American flag at a naturalization ceremony.
    Life

    The New Geography of American Immigration

    The foreign-born population has declined in U.S. states that voted Democratic in 2016, and increased in states and metros that voted for Trump.

  4. Uber Eats worker
    Life

    The Millennial Urban Lifestyle Is About to Get More Expensive

    As WeWork crashes and Uber bleeds cash, the consumer-tech gold rush may be coming to an end.

  5. Transportation

    A Micromobility Experiment in Pittsburgh Aims to Get People Out of Their Cars

    The Pittsburgh Micromobility Collective will create all-in-one mobility hubs near transit stops, to compete with Uber and Lyft and help commuters go car-free.

×