Mark Byrnes is a former senior associate editor at CityLab who writes about design and architecture.
A pro-immigration mayor has made Riace a symbol of Southern Italy's future.
In Italy's southern region of Calabria sits Riace, a village of nearly 2,000 people. After decades of economic decline in one of the poorest parts of Italy, Riace has seen hundreds of new faces move into town in recent years. The changing population is largely credited to the village's ambitious mayor, Domenico Lucano.
Riace natives have been in the habit of moving away in search of work, usually to the north or to other countries, since the 1960s. So Lucano decided to focus on encouraging immigrants, mostly from Africa and the Middle East, to settle in Riace. Over 200 refugees have settled in the village since Lucano became mayor in 2004, and the influx of residents has already led a school to reopen after being shut down in 2000. Other formerly empty buildings have become craft workshops.
Part of the population influx is thanks to Italy's national integration program for previously detained refugees, which provides a monthly salary of 700 euros to its participants. Lucano, in a 2011 interview with the BBC, spoke of it being a bargain for the country, noting that the costs are far cheaper than keeping refugees in a detainment center.
Italy's Deputy Interior Minister commented recently that Italy faced an "incessant and massive influx of migrants" in 2013, citing a 325 percent increase from 2012 despite a national unemployment rate that continues to hover around 12 percent. Mass immigration is not especially popular among Italians, with immigrants facing racism not only on city streets but, as seen during the brief time Cecile Kyeng spent in the cabinet of then-Prime Minister Enrico Letta, as part of the nation's political climate.
Italy's wave of immigrants, however, isn't expected to slow down anytime soon. As Reuters recently reported, a national Catholic charity projects the country's foreign born population will make up 23 percent of Italy's population by 2063. In Riace, they're increasingly becoming the face of the town's new image:
Top image: Daniel, a migrant from Ghana, works as a construction worker in Riace November 21, 2013. (REUTERS/Max Rossi)