When St. Luke’s Hospital closed its doors in 1998, it left a hole in its neighborhood. Today, after a massive restoration, it hosts affordable housing, a school, and space for local nonprofits.
When it was built in 1927, St. Luke’s Medical Center was the biggest point of pride in Cleveland’s Buckeye neighborhood. The sprawling neo-Georgian-style medical facility was one of the most advanced medical centers of its time, and generations of Clevelanders passed through its doors on the occasions of births, deaths, and everything in between.
Buckeye’s fortunes took a turn for the worse in the 1960s, when former city-dwellers moved to the suburbs in record numbers. When St. Luke’s Hospital closed its doors in 1998, it left 800 people unemployed and a large vacancy on Shaker Avenue, which links Buckeye with the more affluent suburban community of Shaker Heights.
St. Luke’s was vacant for a total of eight years, and things weren’t looking good; it was the target of vandals and copper wire prospectors, and moisture damage severely eroded the plaster on the building’s interior. In 2006, the community development organization Cleveland Neighborhood Progress (CNP) came up with what some may have called a far-fetched plan to put it back into use.
“Frankly, a lot of folks in Buckeye had just gotten used to this kind of cultural erasure happening,” says Wayne Mortensen, the director of design and development at the organization. “When businesses or institutions shut down, the buildings would fall into disrepair and they would just eventually be torn down.”
“So the ability to bring that [St. Luke’s] back,” he says, “was a pretty big shot in the arm for a neighborhood that was just assuming that it would be lost.”
To repurpose the structure into a mixed-use facility that would include affordable housing for seniors, a K-8 public charter school, space for the Boys & Girls Club of Cleveland to host after-school programs, and affordable space for local nonprofits, CNP had to utilize what Mortensen calls a “layer cake of financing.”
The total cost of the project tallied up to $63 million. CNP utilized $25 million in low-income housing tax credit and federal historic equity, $11 million in New Markets Tax Credits, $5.5 million in loan financing, and a $25,000 Enterprise Green Communities grant, as well as HUD funding and other city and state funding channels, to finish the project's first two phases. Ultimately, they still had to conduct a $7.5 million capital campaign to finish it off.
CNP started construction in October of 2010, and finished in the spring of 2014. Despite the extensive interior and exterior damage and deterioration, Mortensen says that the building’s overall structure was sound. The entirety of the facade was tuckpointed, and CNP spent $638,000 on custom-made metal windows alone.
Today, the St. Luke’s Manor complex, as it is called, is home to nine different tenants. There were numerous challenges posed by the sprawling structure’s rehabilitation, but Mortensen says that the financing was by far the biggest. The largest reward, however, came when students at the K-8 Intergenerational School walked through the halls for the first time.
“At one point during the morning of the first day … one of the children leaned over to the other and said, ‘This looks just like Hathaway Brown [a private school.]’ And the thought that these urban kids from very different economic backgrounds, many of them on free and reduced lunch, [consider themselves] to be attending a school of the same quality, is very meaningful to us,” he says.
A few final finishing touches, including some recreational spaces that will be shared by the students and seniors, are still pending. But for residents of Buckeye, after 19 years, St. Luke’s Hospital is once again something to be proud of.
This article originally appeared in Preservation magazine.